As winter approaches and sudden temperature changes occur, the climate favors the spread of the influenza virus. Children, pregnant women, diabetics, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems are at high risk for this viral infection. Therefore, it is advisable to take preventive measures against the seasonal flu instead of treating it after an infection.
Tips To Prevent Seasonal Flu
1. Cover your nose and mouth while sneezing/coughing
The virus can be transmitted from person to person through coughing, sneezing or contact with contaminated surfaces. For colds or coughs, it is advisable to use disposable tissues instead of a tissue, since you can discard the tissue after use. Avoid reusing your handkerchief. Likewise, if you a cough, do not cover your mouth with your hands. A cough on the elbow instead. It is recommended to wash your hands after sneezing or coughing to remove any contamination.
2. Wash your hands frequently
Wash your hands with soap and water or an alcoholic hand sanitizer, especially after sneezing, coughing and before and after meals. In fact, the virus can be deposited in common items such as doorknobs, laptops, desks, telephones, and chairs. Touching these objects and not washing your hands can increase the risk of infection.
3. Use a hand sanitizer
It is recommended to wear a hand sanitizer as it is useful, especially if you do not have access to soap and water. If a person with influenza touches their belongings or touches pens or doorknobs, it is advisable to use a hand sanitizer as they may be contaminated with germs. Also, avoid shaking hands with a sick person as the risks of transmission are greater. In such cases, using a disinfectant is the best option.
4. Avoid touching the eyes/mouth/face
Keep your hands away from your face. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth too often, as it may increase the risk of virus transmission in your body and cause diseases such as conjunctivitis, respiratory infections, and so on. If you have close contact, share an object or shake hands with seasonal flu, there are ways to transmit viruses. If possible, avoid these contacts and if you contact a sick person, do not forget to wash your hands.
5. Wear respirators or masks
Masks, also known as respirators, are one of the most effective ways to prevent transmission of the influenza virus and other seasonal viruses. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that people at high risk of getting the flu should wear masks. If you are ill, it is recommended to wear a mask to prevent the spread of the disease. In addition, there are certain specific viral infections, such as “swine flu”, known as the N95 mask, are recommended.
6. Avoid crowded places
It’s best to stay away from crowded places as much as possible. Indeed, the proximity of sick people, especially people with influenza, increases their risk of flu. If you need to go out in public, try to keep a distance of at least six feet to avoid transmission by air. Children under the age of five and the elderly should avoid crowded areas as they are at high risk. If you feel sick, it is best not to go to school or work to prevent the spread of the infection.
7. Boost your immunity
In order to prevent seasonal flu and to protect against the flu virus, it is important to strengthen the immunity. It is recommended to drink plenty of water and eat a well-balanced diet, preferably home-cooked meals. Add many fresh fruits and vegetables to your diet as they contain essential nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that boost your immune system and help fight off disease. You can even try supplements to increase your immunity and prevent the flu.